De Pijp came into being at the end of the 19th century when the population of Amsterdam was growing so rapidly that radical urban expansion was required. An area that had previously been polder with only a few inns, country houses and farm cottages became in no time a complete new neighborhood, called popularly ‘De Pijp’. That name probably refers to the long narrow drainage ditches that had crisscrossed the polder and were called ‘pipes’.
Quartier Latin / trendy neighborhood
The new neighborhood attracted many artists, including famous Dutch writers like Herman Heijermans, Frederik van Eeden and F. Bordewijk. Apart from artists and performers many ladies of easy virtue found refuge here and the neighborhood soon acquired a reputation as the Latin Quarter of Amsterdam.
From the beginning of the 1960s the first immigrants also settled here. First to arrive were the Spanish immigrant workers with their families. They worked at the Heineken brewery at Stadhouderskade. In due course they were joined by immigrants from various countries.
De Pijp is today still a multicultural neighborhood with many students, young business people, and affluent thirty-something’s. The neighborhood contains many intimate restaurants, cafes and boutiques. This combination makes De Pijp one of the most colorful and trendy neighborhoods of Amsterdam.
The Albert Cuyp market is the best-known market in the Netherlands and your address from Monday to Saturday for fresh vegetables, fish, clothes and all kinds of other items. In and around the Albert Cuyp market there are many lunchrooms. There you will find simple but excellent meals with a choice of many international cuisines including Indian, Kurdish, Turkish, Cambodian, Surinam and Chinese.
The Sarphati Park was designed at the instigation of the physician Samuel Sarphati by city engineer Van Niftrik in English landscape style in 1885. There is something for everybody: bridges, fountains, a waterfall and a playground.
Heineken Experience is located in the original Heineken brewery at Stadhouderskade. This brewery was in operation until 1988. It now serves as a kind of museum where you can take part in guided tours through the building. To be seen are the malt silos, the brewing house and an overview of fifty years of advertising.
In De Pijp you will see a number of buildings that are built in the style of the Amsterdam School. The Amsterdam School is the name given to a movement in architecture that influenced construction significantly, particularly in Amsterdam between 1910 and 1930. The industrial revolution in the middle of the nineteenth century had resulted in many manual workers relocating to Amsterdam and they of course had to be housed. The Municipality of Amsterdam was looking for a total concept for the city; the city had to be modernized and rearranged and affordable homes had to be provided for manual workers. The municipality held for this purpose competitions for its new construction projects and many young architects seized this opportunity to make their mark. Leading architects of this movement were J.M van der Mey, M. de Klerk and P.L. Kramer, who with their buildings contributed to the appearance of Amsterdam. Although they were friends and the outside world referred to them as ‘Amsterdam School’ they often emphasized their individual differences in their designs rather than their similarities. Characteristic for this construction style is the use of a lot of brick, ornamental facades in brick or sculptured natural stone, steep roofs and occasionally small towers. The facades were often filled with so-called ladder windows with the window looking as if it is divided by a ladder. If you want to see characteristic examples of this go to the south of De Pijp. There you will find the superb residential unit ‘De Dageraad’ (P.L. Takstraat), dating from the 1920s and a number of apartment blocks around Cooperatiehof to the north of the Amstel canal that are built in this style. This architectural style disappears around 1930 and is superseded by ‘Industrial Architecture’, with its emphasis on costs.
- Dam square
- Western canal belt
- Eastern canal belt
- Zoo Artis
- Eastern islands
- Eastern docklands
- Western islands
- Museum district
- De Pijp
- De Baarsjes
- Rivierenbuurt / RAI